Technical Advisor

 Dr_-A_g_- Ambekar1(1)

A.G. Ambekar

(Technical Advisor)

BE(Mech), M.Tech(Mech), Ph.D (Mech)

Welcome to Swami Vivekanand  Group Of Institutions, where academics and activities never end!

Before initiating any fruitful discussion about planning the activities and future course of action, for a technical institution, we should know what engineering is and need to understand the history of technical education and the motive behind initiating collegiate course curriculum.

Engineering is the application of scientific, economic, social, and practical knowledge in order to design, build, and maintain structures, machines, devices, systems, materials and processes. Engineering differs from science in the sense that, unlike Science, primary concern in Engineering is ‘how to put to useful and economical ends the discoveries of pure Science and, how to formulate acceptable theories and practices from them’. Looking back to the fundamental human inventions like pulleys, levers, and wheels one must agree that Engineering has existed since ancient times. In fact, historical records indicate that Alexander’s army included ‘surveyors’ like Becton and, the Duke of Milan had Leonardo daVinci as the military engineer for 18 years.

In this back-drop, if we consider today’s engineering practices different than those in past, the answer lies in revolutionary changes it has gone through. The invention of the steam engine in the latter part of the 18th century, culminated in the ‘First Industrial Revolution’ and laid foundation for replacement of ‘animal and water power’ by an alternative power source, independent of availability of water and animals. This revolution prompted developments in the areas of manufacturing, textile, mining, metallurgical industries, as also in the rail transport, with power from steam engine, of course. This revolution was motivated by cheap energy source in the form of coal, produced in ever-increasing amounts from the abundant resources of Britain. Coal converted to coke gave heat input in blast furnace and cast iron in much larger amounts than before.

The period from last third of the 19th century until World War I is sometimes referred to as the Second Industrial Revolution. 20th century witnessed rapid development of technology. Apart from Electronic Communication technology, transportation technology, broad teaching and implementation of the scientific method contributed to the advancement of modern science and technology. Due to strategic pressure of army needs, lot of funds and research were directed on troop movements, rapid information transfer, surveillance and improved fire power of arms and ammunitions. Radio, radar, and early sound recording were key technologies which paved the way for the telephone, fax machine, and magnetic storage devices for data. Due to the scientific gains directly tied to military research and development, technologies including electronic computing might not have developed so rapidly.

Probably, the more important aspect of second industrial revolution was in respect of broad teaching and implementation of the scientific method, and increased research spending. This paved way to the formation of different professional Societies in all the disciplines and an increased realization that systematic engineering education, based on established scientific principles and professional practices, will be an asset in facing technological challenges of tomorrow.

The message is thus clear. Although the aim is to design, build, and maintain structures, machines, devices, systems, materials and processes for the welfare of society, it is hard to foresee the exact future requirements and ensure necessary financial assistance to achieve the target. In contrast, the military requirements are relatively well defined and financial assistance is not difficult. It is for this reason that major developments in past were dictated from military requirements. To cite one example, troops working in remote areas need clear drinking water. Research carried out in U.S. led to a self-hydrating pouch containing a membrane that separates two compartments. Current membrane-based Reverse Osmosis (RO) systems produce drinking water from contaminated sources by using membranes (as does this self-hydrating pouch). But RO systems require a pump to force the water through the membrane. In contrast, this design relies on a process called forward osmosis, in which water is pulled through the membrane without requiring a pump which is important for combat troops. Thus, we have a new technology ‘forward osmosis’.

With the growth of technology as of today, it is clear that any future development is possible only through a ‘group activity’. We need a group therefore, which involves experts from related disciplines of engineering and takes into account all scientific input in the related area. Clearly, for a meaningful research contribution, an institution must have team of learned teachers in all related disciplines and an environment conducive to research. Without research, no institute can survive or flourish in the competition. Thus, although teaching is a very important activity, the vision of the institution must go beyond it.

While establishing Swami Vivekanand group of Institutes, we were clear in mind about the need of the hour, namely, to provide skilled technical manpower, inculcating in them ethical values and developing a spirit of dedication to the nation. We believed that a good library, good laboratories and a ‘good academic environment’ is pre-requisite for proper engineering education. At SVGI, we have thrived hard to employ and retain good and experienced teachers, for creating an ‘academic environment’ and motivating the students to aspire for participation in competitions (like GATE exam) at national level. The students are encouraged to participate in inter-college competitions like ‘BAJA’ where students are required to design, fabricate and run their own car-model in a National level competition to establish superiority of the model. We also believe that for complete development of their personality, the students should be encouraged to participate in extra-curricular activities like, inter-college competitions in games/sports/music and cultural events.

We express our resolve to usher in technical excellence in the education, being imparted at SVGI, and strong desire to contribute in a positive way, in the all round development of the country.